- Visceral Effects - (Physical Actions) e.g. on the edge of your seat, trembling, jumpy, heart beating etc.
- False Plateau - misleading the audience into false sense of security. The audience knows more then the character on the screen, Alfred Hitchcock's "Bomb Theory"
- Begins with a sense of normality, then lets the suspense enter
- Victims in the beginning to create suspense as the incident happens, to show fear,to make the audeince feel this from the victims' point of view.